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J Headache Pain. 2013 Apr 11;14(1):34. doi: 10.1186/1129-2377-14-34.

Prevalence of migraine and co-morbid psychiatric disorders among students of Cumhuriyet University.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Sivas State Hospital, Sivas, TR-58140, Turkey. drmuratsemiz@hotmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of migraine and associated psychiatric disorders among university students at Cumhuriyet University of Sivas in Turkey.

METHODS:

A total of 1601 university students participated in this study and answered the questionnaires. The study was conducted in three stages: the self-questionnaire, the neurological evaluation, and the psychiatric evaluation. In the first stage, the subjects completed a questionnaire to assess migraine symptoms. In the second stage, the subjects who reported having migraines underwent a detailed neurological evaluation conducted by a neurologist to confirm the diagnosis. In the final stage, the subjects with migraines completed a psychiatric examination using the structured clinical interview for DSM IV-R Axis I.

RESULTS:

The self-reported migraine prevalence rate was 13.7%, and the actual prevalence rate of migraine among the university students was calculated to be 10.6% (n=169). When the results obtained with the SCID-I were examined, a current SCID-I psychiatric diagnosis was found in 39 (23.1%) of the 169 subjects with migraines. A total of 73 (43.2%) students with migraines had a lifetime SCID-I psychiatric diagnosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of this study indicate that migraines were highly prevalent among university students in Turkey with comorbid psychiatric disorders. Treatment strategies must be developed to manage these comorbidities.

PMID:
23578213
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3639097
Free PMC Article
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