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Org Lett. 2013 Apr 19;15(8):2058-61. doi: 10.1021/ol400781b. Epub 2013 Apr 11.

Benzophenones from an endophytic fungus, Graphiopsis chlorocephala, from Paeonia lactiflora cultivated in the presence of an NAD+-dependent HDAC inhibitor.

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  • 1Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Aoba-yama, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan.


Graphiopsis chlorocephala was separated from the surface-sterilized healthy leaves of Paeonia lactiflora (Paeoniaceae) and cultivated with nicotinamide (an NAD(+)-dependent HDAC inhibitor). The culture conditions significantly enhanced secondary metabolite production in the fungus and led to the isolation of a structurally diverse set of new benzophenones, cephalanones A-F (1-6), and a known 2-(2,6-dihydroxy-4-methylbenzoyl)-6-hydroxybenzoic acid (7). The structures of 1-6 were determined from NMR data, single crystal X-ray diffraction, and chemical transformations.

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