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Ultrastruct Pathol. 2013 Apr;37(2):93-101. doi: 10.3109/01913123.2012.742174.

Analysis of monocyte and histiocytic cell populations in bone marrow of patients with confirmed and suspected cases of reactive histocytosis.

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  • 1Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China. ruyongxin@126.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe characteristics of monocytes and histiocytes in the bone marrow of patients with a confirmed and suspected diagnosis of reactive histiocytosis.

METHODS:

14 patients with a confident diagnosis of reactive histiocytosis or with a suspected diagnosis were inpatients at the Tianjin Blood Diseases Hospital between 2008 and 2012. Nucleated cells from bone marrow were observed by light microscopy - morphologically and immunohistochemically for histiocyte antigens - and ultrastructurally by transmission electron microscopy.

RESULTS:

Monocytes, atypical histiocytes, macrophages, hemophagocytes, reticular cells and dendritic cells were significantly increased in 9, 9, 5, 3, 3 and 2, respectively, of the 14 cases. Atypical histiocytes expressed some morphological characteristics of promonocytes.

CONCLUSION:

Monocytes, atypical histiocytes, macrophages, hemophagocytes, reticular cells and dendritic cells were increased in different relative degrees in patients with bone marrow reactive histiocytosis or suspected reactive histiocytosis. The increase in numbers of monocytes, atypical histiocytes and macrophages was a particularly significant feature. It is argued that atypical histiocytes with immature monocyte features might be precursors of hemophagocytes, reticular cells or dendritic cells.

PMID:
23573889
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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