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Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2013;35(5-6):300-12. doi: 10.1159/000348357. Epub 2013 Apr 5.

Efficacy of short-term inpatient rehabilitation for dementia patients and caregivers: prospective cohort study.

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  • 1Division of Mental Health and Old Age Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy II, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

The efficacy of nonpharmacological and multicomponent treatments in patients with dementia is under discussion, as is the ongoing debate which endpoints best measure efficacy.

METHODS:

194 dyads of dementia patients and their proxies interested in a combined short-term inpatient rehabilitative treatment were assessed in the patients' homes.

RESULTS:

Analysis showed that cognition in male patients (cognitive part of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale: p = 0.048) and depressive mood in female patients were improved after treatment at the 3-month follow-up (Geriatric Depression Scale: p = 0.030). Moreover, the burden on male caregivers was reduced (behavioral pathology in Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale: p = 0.002) at 3 months.

CONCLUSION:

Combined short-term rehabilitative treatment of patients and psychosocial intervention for caregivers is modestly effective in patients with dementia and their caregivers, but may be subject to gender-specific effects.

Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID:
23572117
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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