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Dent Clin North Am. 2013 Apr;57(2):317-37. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2013.02.006.

Sex/Gender differences in tooth loss and edentulism: historical perspectives, biological factors, and sociologic reasons.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology & Health Promotion, NYU College of Dentistry, New York, NY 10003-1402, USA.


This review highlights what is known regarding differences in tooth loss by sex/gender, and describes: gender-related tooth ablation (the deliberate removal of anterior teeth during life) found in skulls from history and prehistory; potential mediators of the relationship between sex/gender and tooth loss; the current epidemiology of gender differences in tooth loss (limited to North America); and risk factors for tooth loss in the general population and in women.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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