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Pharmacogenomics. 2013 Apr;14(6):655-74. doi: 10.2217/pgs.13.51.

Pharmacogenomics of bipolar disorder.

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  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Section of Neuroscience & Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Sp 8, Sestu-Monserrato, Km 0.700 CA, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.


Bipolar disorder (BD) is a lifelong severe psychiatric condition with high morbidity, disability and excess mortality. The longitudinal clinical trajectory of BD is significantly modified by pharmacological treatment(s), both in acute and in long-term stages. However, a large proportion of BD patients have inadequate response to pharmacological treatments. Pharmacogenomic research may lead to the identification of molecular predictors of treatment response. When integrated with clinical information, pharmacogenomic findings may be used in the future to determine the probability of response/nonresponse to treatment on an individual basis. Here we present a selective review of pharmacogenomic findings in BD. In light of the evidence suggesting a genetic effect of lithium reponse in BD, we focused particularly on the pharmacogenomic literature relevant to this trait. The article contributes a detailed overview of the current status of pharmacogenomics in BD and offers a perspective on the challenges that can hinder its transition to personalized healthcare.

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