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Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2012 May;2(5):380-4. doi: 10.1016/S2221-1691(12)60060-4.

Stabilization of membrane bound ATPases and lipid peroxidation by carotenoids from Chlorococcum humicola in Benzo(a)pyrene induced toxicity.

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  • 1Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India.



To identify the alteration of the membrane potential and the effect of carotenoid extracts from Chlorococcum humicola (C. humicola) on membrane bound ATPases and lipid peroxidation.


The total carotenoids were extracted from C. humicola. Four groups of Swiss albino mice were treated as control, Benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P], total carotenoids, B(a)P + total carotenoids respectively for a period of 60 days. Membrane lipid peroxidation and ATPases (Total ATPases, Ca(2+)- ATPases, Mg(2+) - ATPases, Na(+)K(+) - ATPase) were determined in lung, liver and erythrocyte samples.


The activity of total ATPase was found to be significantly increased in the B(a)P treated liver and lung tissue. Erythrocyte membrane also showed higher ATPase activity which was significantly reverted on total carotenoid treatment.


It can be concluded that the changes in membrane potential favour the functional deterioration of physiological system. The overall findings demonstrates that the animals post treated with carotenoid extract from C. humicola may maintains the alterations in membrane bound ATPase and lipid peroxidation in tissues against the carcinogenic chemical and hence aid in establishing the membrane potential action. Therefore C. humicola can be further extended to exploits its possible application for various health benefits as neutraceuticals and food additives.


Benzo(a)pyrene; Ca2+ ATPase; Carotenoids; Lipid peroxidation; Mg2+ ATPase; Na+/K+ ATPase; Total ATPase

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