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Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2013 Sep;29(6):492-8. doi: 10.1002/dmrr.2418.

The metabolic responses induced by acute dexamethasone predict glucose tolerance and insulin secretion over 10 years in relatives of type 2 diabetic subjects.

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  • 1Diabetes Research Centre, Department of Endocrinology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study aimed to compare the metabolic and insulin secretory responses to dexamethasone with the metabolic responses observed at 10 years in normoglycaemic relatives of type 2 diabetic and healthy control subjects.

METHODS:

Twenty relatives and 20 matched control subjects were studied twice at 0 year (pre- and post-dexamethasone) and at 10 years, employing a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), with serial measurements of glucose and insulin, for determination of glucose tolerance and calculations of acute insulin release (ΔI30 /ΔG30 ; insulinogenic index) and insulin sensitivity (SIHOMA ).

RESULTS:

Following dexamethasone, the relatives group developed varying degrees of glucose intolerance, associated with reduced insulin sensitivity and insulinogenic index. By 10 years, fasting glucose and 2-h OGTT glucose were raised in the relatives group, especially in the relatives most metabolically affected by dexamethasone, including a reduced insulinogenic index. Multiple regression analysis of the data in relatives demonstrated that the 2-h OGTT glucose and fasting glucose values at 10 years depended on the 0-year post-dexamethasone 2-h OGTT glucose, post-dexamethasone fasting glucose and post-dexamethasone insulin sensitivity, r(2) adj = 56% (p < 0.001) and r(2) adj = 60% (p < 0.0001), respectively. No pre-dexamethasone metabolic or insulin secretory responses entered these models.

CONCLUSIONS:

In relatives, fasting and 2-h OGTT glucose concentrations and β-cell responses to acute dexamethasone-induced insulin resistance are similar to those observed at 10 years, especially in relatives who develop the most disturbed dexamethasone-induced glucose intolerance and impaired acute insulin secretion. The combined 0-year, post-dexamethasone fasting and 2-h OGTT glucose concentrations and insulin resistance, measured as SIHOMA , are the best predictors in relatives of future dysglycaemia.

Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

KEYWORDS:

10-year metabolic status; dexamethasone; insulin sensitivity; normoglycaemic relatives; β-cell function

PMID:
23568564
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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