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Org Biomol Chem. 2013 May 21;11(19):3187-202. doi: 10.1039/c3ob40205c. Epub 2013 Apr 8.

Polyhydroxylated pyrrolizidine alkaloids from transannular iodoaminations: application to the asymmetric syntheses of (-)-hyacinthacine A1, (-)-7a-epi-hyacinthacine A1, (-)-hyacinthacine A2, and (-)-1-epi-alexine.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, UK.


The transannular iodoamination of substituted 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexahydroazocine scaffolds has been developed into a versatile, diastereodivergent route to enable the synthesis of a range of pyrrolizidine alkaloids, as demonstrated by the syntheses of (-)-hyacinthacine A1, (-)-7a-epi-hyacinthacine A1, (-)-hyacinthacine A2, and (-)-1-epi-alexine. The requisite 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexahydroazocines (bearing either an N-α-methyl-p-methoxybenzyl group or no N-substituent) were readily prepared via conjugate addition of lithium (R)-N-but-3-enyl-N-(α-methyl-p-methoxybenzyl)amide to either tert-butyl (4S,5R,E)-4,5-dihydroxy-4,5-O-isopropylidene-2,7-dienoate (derived from d-ribose) or tert-butyl (S,S,E)-4,5-dihydroxy-4,5-O-isopropylidene-2,7-dienoate (derived from l-tartaric acid) coupled with in situ enolate oxidation with (-)-camphorsulfonyloxaziridine, followed by ring-closing metathesis with Grubbs I catalyst. Subsequent reaction with I2 resulted in transannular iodoamination (accompanied by concomitant loss of the N-α-methyl-p-methoxybenzyl group for tertiary amine substrates) to give the corresponding pyrrolizidine scaffolds.

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