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Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 1990;469:172-80.

Psychoacoustic aspects of speech pattern coding for the deaf.

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  • 1Department of Phonetics and Linguistics, University College London, England.

Abstract

The SiVo aid, which provides a sinusoidal signal indicating voice fundamental frequency and voicing information, was compared as an aid to lipreading to a conventional hearing aid having extended low-frequency output. Speech perceptual measures of consonant confusions in lipreading and the identification of a simple intonation contrast were collected from a group of 8 profoundly deaf adults. Audiometric and psychoacoustic measures were also collected. In the intonation task, 6 of the 7 patients tested performed better with the SiVo aid and the seventh scored perfectly with both aids. Four patients (out of 8) preferred to use the SiVo aid rather than the conventional aid, and 2 of these showed a significant advantage with the SiVo aid in the aided lipreading of consonants. The remaining 4 patients preferred the conventional aid, although none of these patients showed a significant advantage with the conventional aid in the lipreading of consonants. The 4 patients who preferred the SiVo aid over the conventional aid had very profound hearing loss and minimal dynamic range at 500 Hz and above, and those receiving the greatest benefit showed no measurable frequency selectivity. In the 2 patients who preferred the SiVo aid, yet showed no significant advantage for the SiVo aid in consonant lipreading, consonant confusions were also measured for aided lipreading, using a prototype aid providing both voice fundamental frequency and voiceless excitation patterns. Both patients showed additional and significant benefit from inclusion of the voiceless pattern element.

PMID:
2356724
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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