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J Magn Reson. 2013 Jun;231:5-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jmr.2013.02.011. Epub 2013 Feb 27.

Dynamic nuclear polarization-enhanced 13C NMR spectroscopy of static biological solids.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Chemical Physics, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-0520, USA. alexey.potapov@nih.gov

Abstract

We explore the possibility of using dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) to enhance signals in structural studies of biological solids by solid state NMR without sample spinning. Specifically, we use 2D (13)C-(13)C exchange spectroscopy to probe the peptide backbone torsion angles (φ, ψ) in a series of selectively (13)C-labeled 40-residue β-amyloid (Aβ(1-40)) samples, in both fibrillar and non-fibrillar states. Experiments are carried out at 9.39 T and 8 K, using a static double-resonance NMR probe and low-power microwave irradiation at 264 GHz. In frozen solutions of Aβ(1-40) fibrils doped with DOTOPA-TEMPO, we observe DNP signal enhancement factors of 16-21. We show that the orientation- and frequency-dependent spin polarization exchange between sequential backbone carbonyl (13)C labels can be simulated accurately using a simple expression for the exchange rate, after experimentally determined homogeneous (13)C lineshapes are incorporated in the simulations. The experimental 2D (13)C-(13)C exchange spectra place constraints on the φ and ψ angles between the two carbonyl labels. Although the data are not sufficient to determine φ and ψ uniquely, the data do provide non-trivial constraints that could be included in structure calculations. With DNP at low temperatures, 2D (13)C-(13)C exchange spectra can be obtained from a 3.5 mg sample of Aβ(1-40) fibrils in 4 h or less, despite the broad (13)C chemical shift anisotropy line shapes that are observed in static samples.

Published by Elsevier Inc.

PMID:
23562665
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3660528
Free PMC Article
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