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J Biol Chem. 1975 Apr 10;250(7):2640-7.

Phosphorylation of a 22,000-dalton component of the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum by adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase.


Cardiac microsomes were incubated with [gamma-32P]ATP and a cardiac adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cyclic AMP)-dependent protein kinase in the presence of ethylene glycol bis(bets-aminoethyl ether)-N,N'-tetraacetic acid. After solubilization in sodium dodecyl sulfate and fractionation by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, a single microsomal protein component of approximately 22,000 daltons was found to bind most of the 32P label. The 32P labeling of this component increased several fold when NaF was included in the incubation medium. No other component of cardiac microsomes, including sarcoplasmic reticulum ATPase protein, contained significant amounts of 32P label. This 22,000-dalton phosphoprotein formed by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase had stability characteristics of a phosphoester rather than an acyl phosphate. Washing of microsomes with buffered KCl did not decrease the amount of 32P labeling to the 22,000-dalton protein, suggesting that this protein is associated with the membranes of sarcoplasmic reticulum rather than being a contaminant from other soluble proteins. The 22,000-dalton protein was susceptible to trypsin. Brief digestion with trypsin in the presence of 1 M sucrose did not significantly affect microsomal calcium transport activity, but prevented both subsequent phosphorylation of the 22,000-dalton protein and stimulation of calcium uptake by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, suggesting that this protein is a modulator of the calcium pump. These results are consistent with previous findings (Kirchberger, M.A., Tada, M., and Katz, A.M. (1974) J. Biol. Chem. 249, 6166-6173; Tada, M., Kirchberger, M.A., Repke, D.I., and Katz, A.M. (1974) J. Biol. Chem. 249, 6174-6180) that cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase-catalyzed phosphorylation is associated with stimulation of calcium transport in the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum, and further indicate that this phosphorylation occurs at a component of low mass (22,000 daltons) of the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum which, while separable from the calcium transport ATPase protein (100,000 daltons) by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, has the ability to regulate calcium transport by the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum.

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