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Clin Cancer Res. 2013 May 15;19(10):2688-98. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-2556. Epub 2013 Apr 2.

Concomitant BRAF and PI3K/mTOR blockade is required for effective treatment of BRAF(V600E) colorectal cancer.

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  • 1Division of Gastroenterology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA.

Erratum in

  • Clin Cancer Res. 2013 Jul 15;19(14):4018.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

BRAF(V600E) mutations are associated with poor clinical prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC). Although selective BRAF inhibitors are effective for treatment of melanoma, comparable efforts in CRC have been disappointing. Here, we investigated potential mechanisms underlying this resistance to BRAF inhibitors in BRAF(V600E) CRC.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

We examined phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/mTOR signaling in BRAF(V600E) CRC cell lines after BRAF inhibition and cell viability and apoptosis after combined BRAF and PI3K/mTOR inhibition. We assessed the efficacy of in vivo combination treatment using a novel genetically engineered mouse model (GEMM) for BRAF(V600E) CRC.

RESULTS:

Western blot analysis revealed sustained PI3K/mTOR signaling upon BRAF inhibition. Our BRAF(V600E) GEMM presented with sessile serrated adenomas/polyps, as seen in humans. Combination treatment in vivo resulted in induction of apoptosis and tumor regression.

CONCLUSIONS:

We have established a novel GEMM to interrogate BRAF(V600E) CRC biology and identify more efficacious treatment strategies. Combination BRAF and PI3K/mTOR inhibitor treatment should be explored in clinical trials.

©2013 AACR

PMID:
23549875
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3815598
Free PMC Article

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