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Glob Health Promot. 2013 Mar;20(1 Suppl):64-9. doi: 10.1177/1757975912462425.

From bulldozing to housing rights: reducing vulnerability and improving health in African slums.

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  • 1Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. katia.mohindra@gmail.com


Forced evictions heighten vulnerability among slum dwellers who already face multiple risks of ill health. They constitute a well-documented violation of economic and social rights and are reaching epidemic proportions in sub-Saharan Africa as economic globalization creates and strengthens incentives for forced evictions. We describe evictions in the slums of four African metropolitan areas: Accra (Ghana), Lagos (Nigeria), Luanda (Angola) and Nairobi (Kenya). We survey diverse strategies used in responding to forced evictions and outline the challenges and barriers encountered. We conclude that the international human rights framework offers an important approach for protecting the health of vulnerable populations.

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