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J Solution Chem. 2013 Mar;42(3):584-591. Epub 2013 Mar 19.

Mass and Ion Transport in Ketones and Ketone Electrolytes: Comparison with Acetate Systems.

Author information

  • 1Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks St., Norman, OK 73019 USA.

Abstract

Self-diffusion coefficient measurements were performed for pure n-alkyl ketone liquids using the pulsed field gradient NMR spin-echo technique. Ionic conductivities and dielectric constants of 0.0055 mol·L-1 tetrabutylammonium trifluoromethanesulfonate in 2-pentanone, 2-hexanone, 2-heptanone, 2-octanone, 2-nonanone, and 2-decanone were also measured. The temperature-dependent conductivities and diffusion coefficients over the range 5-80 °C can be described using the compensated Arrhenius formalism. Compensated Arrhenius equation plots were used to calculate the average activation energy for both sets of data. The average activation energy from conductivity data is approximately equal to that from diffusion data. The data for the pure ketones and ketone-based electrolytes are compared with analogous data for pure n-alkyl acetates and n-alkyl acetate-based electrolytes.

KEYWORDS:

Acetate electrolyte; Compensated Arrhenius; Dielectric constant; Diffusion coefficient; Ionic conductivity; Ketone electrolyte

PMID:
23543864
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3610029
Free PMC Article
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