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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2013 Sep;63(Pt 9):3437-43. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.051201-0. Epub 2013 Mar 29.

Geodermatophilus normandii sp. nov., isolated from Saharan desert sand.

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  • 1Leibniz Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Inhoffenstraße 7B, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.


A novel Gram-reaction-positive actinobacterial strain, designated CF5/3(T), was isolated from a sand sample obtained in the Sahara Desert, Chad. The greenish-black-pigmented isolate was aerobic and exhibited optimal growth from 25-40 °C at pH 6.0-10.0 with 0-1% (w/v) NaCl. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate matched those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The DNA G+C content of the genome of the novel strain was 75.5 mol%. The peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as diagnostic diamino acid. The main phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and a minor fraction of phosphatidylglycerol. MK-9(H4) was the dominant menaquinone, and galactose was detected as a diagnostic sugar. The major cellular fatty acids were branched-chain saturated acids: iso-C(15:0) and iso-C(16:0). Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed 95.6-98.8% pairwise sequence identity with the members of the genus Geodermatophilus. Based on phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties, as well as phylogenetic distinctiveness, the isolate represents a novel species, Geodermatophilus normandii, with the type strain CF5/3(T) ( =DSM 45417(T) =CCUG 62814(T) =MTCC 11412(T)).

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