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Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013 Jun;34(6):1514-23. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2013.03.003. Epub 2013 Mar 28.

Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) TRAF6 and TAK1: molecular cloning and expression analysis after Ichthyophthirius multifiliis infection.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Haizhu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province 510275, PR China.

Abstract

Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, a pathogenic ciliate parasite, infects almost all freshwater fish species and causes significant economic losses. Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) are two important signaling molecules involved in toll-like receptor (TLR) signal transduction. To date, the roles of TRAF6 and TAK1 in host defense against fish parasites are still poorly understood. In the present study, TRAF6 (CiTRAF6) and TAK1 (CiTAK1) were identified from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). The full-length cDNA sequence of CiTRAF6 (2250 bp) includes an open reading frame (ORF) of 1629 bp, which shows a high similarity to that of Cyprinus carpio TRAF6 and encodes a putative protein of 542 amino acids containing one RING domain, two zinc fingers, one coiled-coil region, and one MATH domain. The full-length CiTAK1 cDNA sequence is 2768 bp and includes an ORF of 1626 bp that encodes a putative protein of 541 amino acids containing a conserved serine/threonine protein kinase catalytic domain and a coiled-coil region. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CiTRAF6 and CiTAK1 were clustered with TRAF6 and TAK1 of other teleosts, respectively. CiTRAF6 and CiTAK1 were both constitutively expressed in all examined tissues but with varied expression levels. The highest expressions of CiTRAF6 and CiTAK1 were in the head kidney and spleen, respectively. The expression profiles of CiTRAF6 and CiTAK1 were detected in grass carp after I. multifiliis infection. Expressions of both genes were significantly up-regulated in the skin, gill, head kidney, and spleen at most time points after infection, indicating that CiTRAF6 and CiTAK1 may play essential roles in grass carp defense against I. multifiliis.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23542602
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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