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Eur J Med Chem. 2013 May;63:578-88. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2013.03.006. Epub 2013 Mar 14.

Structure-activity relationship of 5-chloro-2-methyl-3-(1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)-1H-indole analogues as 5-HT(6) receptor agonists.

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  • 1Medicinal Chemistry, NeuroSearch Sweden AB, Biotech Center, Arvid Wallgrens Backe 20, SE-413 46 Gothenburg, Sweden.


To further investigate the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of the 5-hydroxytryptamine type 6 (5-HT6) receptor agonist 5-chloro-2-methyl-3-(1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)-1H-indole (EMD386088, 6), a series of 2-methyl-3-(1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)-1H-indoles were synthesized, and in vitro affinity to, and functional activity at 5-HT6 receptors was tested. We focused on substituents made at the indole N(1)-, 2- and 5-positions and these were found to not only influence the affinity at 5-HT6 receptors but also the intrinsic activity leading to antagonists, partial agonists and full agonists. In order for a compound to demonstrate potent 5-HT6 receptor agonist properties, the indole N(1) should be unsubstituted, an alkyl group such as 2-methyl is needed and finally halogen substituents in the indole 5-position (fluoro, chloro or, bromo) were essential requirements. However, the introduction of a benzenesulfonyl group at N(1)-position switched the full agonist 6 to be a 5-HT6 receptor antagonist (30). A few compounds within the 2-methyl-3-(1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)-1H-indoles were also screened for off-targets and generally they displayed low affinity for other 5-HT subtypes and serotonin transporter protein (SERT).

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

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