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J Mol Diagn. 2013 May;15(3):362-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jmoldx.2013.01.005. Epub 2013 Mar 26.

A DNA microarray for the detection of point mutations and copy number variation causing familial hypercholesterolemia in Europe.

Author information

  • 1Progenika Biopharma SA, Derio, Spain. mstef@progenika.com

Abstract

To facilitate genetic cascade screening for familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) in Europe, two versions (7 and 9) of a DNA microarray were developed to detect the most frequent point mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), apolipoprotein B (APOB), and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) genes. The design of these microarrays is based on LIPOchip, version 4, which detects 191 LDLR and APOB mutations identified in Spanish patients with FH. A major improvement of LIPOchip, versions 7 and 9, is the ability to detect copy number variation (deletions or duplications of entire exons) in LDLR, thus abolishing the need to perform multiplex ligase-dependent probe amplification in patients with FH. The aim of this study was to validate a tool capable of detecting point mutations and copy number variations simultaneously and to evaluate its use and the newly developed software for analysis in clinical practice by reanalysis of several patients with known mutations causing FH. With the help of these validations, several aspects were analyzed, improved, and implemented in a newer version, which was evaluated through an internal validation.

Copyright © 2013 American Society for Investigative Pathology and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23537714
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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