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Sci Rep. 2013;3:1571. doi: 10.1038/srep01571.

Tailoring dispersion for broadband low-loss optical metamaterials using deep-subwavelength Inclusions.

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  • 1Department of Electrical Engineering and Center for Nanoscale Science, The Pennsylvania State University, 121 Electrical Engineering East, University Park, PA 16802, United States.


Metamaterials have the potential to create optical devices with new and diverse functionalities based on novel wave phenomena. Most practical optical systems require that the device properties be tightly controlled over a broad wavelength range. However, optical metamaterials are inherently dispersive, which limits operational bandwidths and leads to high absorption losses. Here, we show that deep-subwavelength inclusions can controllably tailor the dispersive properties of an established metamaterial structure thereby producing a broadband low-loss optical device with a desired response. We experimentally verify this by optimizing an array of nano-notch inclusions, which perturb the mode patterns and strength of the primary and secondary fishnet nanostructure resonances and give an optically thin mid-wave-infrared filter with a broad transmissive pass-band and near-constant group delay. This work outlines a powerful new strategy for realizing a wide range of broadband optical devices that exploit the unique properties of metamaterials.

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