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Ren Fail. 2013;35(5):615-23. doi: 10.3109/0886022X.2013.779895. Epub 2013 Mar 28.

Renal insufficiency in non-diabetic subjects: relationship of MTHFR C677t gene polymorphism and left ventricular hypertrophy.

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  • 1Internal Medicine Department, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.



Association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T gene polymorphism with hyperhomocysteinemia, renal failure, and cardiovascular events is controversial. We investigated the relationship of MTHFR 677C>T polymorphisms with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and renal insufficiency.


Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and left myocardial ventricular mass/m2 were assessed in 138 non-diabetic subjects (age, 50.93 ± 14.85 years; body mass index, 27.95 ± 5.98 kg/m(2)), 38 no-mutation wild MTHFR C677CC, 52 heterozygous MTHFR C677CT, and 48 homozygous MTHFR C677TT, all with adequate adherence to current international healthy dietary guidelines. Serum homocysteine, insulin resistance, high-sensitivity C-reactive-protein (hsCRP), parathyroid hormone, and renal artery resistive index (RRI) were challenged by odds ratio analysis and multiple linear regression models.


MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism showed higher GFR (73.8 ± 27.99 vs. 58.64 ± 29.95; p= 0.001) and lower renal failure odds (OR, 0.443; 95% confidence interval, 0.141-1.387) in comparison with wild MTHFR genotype. A favorable effect on GFR of MTHFR polymorphism is presented independently by the negative effects of LVH, increased intra-renal arterial resistance, and hyperparathyroidism; GFR is the significant predictive factor to LVH.


Renal insufficiency in non-diabetic subjects is explained by interactions of MTHFR C677T polymorphism mutation with LVH, hsCRP, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), and RRI. Sign of these predictive effects is opposite: subjects with MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism have lower likelihood of renal insufficiency; differently, wild-type MTHFR genotype subjects have lower GFR and greater hsCRP, iPTH, RRI, and LVH.

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