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J Phys Chem B. 2013 May 9;117(18):5503-9. doi: 10.1021/jp401049h. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

Conformational entropy of intrinsically disordered protein.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Sookmyung Women's University, Yongsan-Ku, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs), though lacking stable tertiary structures, are known to possess a certain amount of residual structure. Conformational disorder plays a crucial role through the conformational entropy in regulating protein-protein and protein-ligand interactions involved in signaling and regulation, and also modulates protein aggregation and amyloidogenesis associated with a number of human diseases. However, a direct and quantitative connection between the residual structure and the conformational entropy remains to be established. Here we show using a novel computational approach that the conformational entropy of amyloid-beta protein, an IDP whose aggregation is associated with Alzheimer's disease, is significantly correlated with the contents of the residual helical structure, β-sheet structure, and salt-bridge network. Identification of the thermodynamically significant residual structure is of fundamental importance for a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between the functional conformational disorder and the protein activity regulation, and will also serve the thermodynamic basis of the amyloid polymorphism.

PMID:
23531173
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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