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Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 2013 Mar;33(3):391-6.

[Role of TRB3 in the inhibitory effect of fenofibrate against high glucose-induced proliferation of glomerular mesangial cells].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Endocrinology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510282, China. todaymmtt@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the role of TRB3 in the inhibitory effect of fenofibrate against the proliferation of glomerular mesangial cell induced by high glucose.

METHODS:

Rat glomerular mesangial cells (MCs) were cultured in the presence of 5.5 mmol/L glucose (normal control), 25 mmol/L glucose (high glucose group), or high glucose along with 10, 50, or 100 ┬Ámol/L fenofibrate. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to evaluate cell proliferation, and Hoechst 33258 staining was employed to determine chromatin distribution in the MCs. Flow cytometry was performed to analyze the cell cycle changes in different groups. The expressions of TRB3 and P-AKT in different groups were detected using immunocytochemistry and Western blotting.

RESULTS:

High glucose induced obvious proliferation of the MCs (P<0.001), which was significantly inhibited by fenofibrate in a concentration-dependent manner (P<0.001). The MCs exposed to fenofibrate presented with typical apoptotic morphologies and cell cycle arrest at G1/S phase. Low levels of TRB3 expression was detected in the normal control and high glucose groups, whereas in the 3 fenofibrate groups, TRB3 expression increased and P-AKT expression decreased as fenofibrate concentration increased.

CONCLUSION:

Fenofibrate can promote TRB3 expression in rat MCs. TRB3 causes cell cycle arrest at G1/S phase by inhibiting AKT phosphorylation to result in suppressed proliferation of the MCs.

PMID:
23529238
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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