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Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2013 Jun;23(6):293-300. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e3283606cb2.

Influence of the CYP2B6 polymorphism on the pharmacokinetics of mitotane.

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  • 1Unit of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medical Sciences, Amedeo di Savoia Hospital, Turin, Italy. antonio.davolio@unito.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to assess the potential impact of the pharmacogenetic variability of CYP2B6 and ABCB1 genes on the pharmacokinetics of mitotane.

METHODS:

A retrospective analysis was carried out on 27 patients with adrenocortical carcinoma on postoperative adjunctive mitotane. CYP2B6 and ABCB1 polymorphisms were genotyped and tested for an association with plasma trough concentration after 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of therapy.

RESULTS:

Patients with the GT/TT genotype had higher mitotane plasma concentrations compared with patients with GG at 3 months (14.80 vs. 8.01 μg/ml; P=0.008) and 6 months (17.70 vs. 9.75 μg/ml; P=0.015). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only the CYP2B6 rs3745274GT/TT genotype (odds ratio=10.7; P=0.017) was a predictor of mitotane plasma concentrations of at least 14 µg/ml after 3 months of treatment. Mitotane concentrations were not influenced by the polymorphisms of the ABCB1 gene.

CONCLUSION:

Evaluation of the CYP2B6 polymorphism enabled prediction of the individual response to adjuvant mitotane treatment.

PMID:
23524664
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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