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J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2014 Feb;23(2):271-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2013.02.012. Epub 2013 Mar 20.

The effect of season and temperature variation on hospital admissions for incident stroke events in Maputo, Mozambique.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal; Institute of Public Health-University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: joanacostabgomes@hotmail.com.
  • 2Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal; Faculty of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique.
  • 3Faculty of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique.
  • 4Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal; Institute of Public Health-University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Identifying locale-specific patterns regarding the variation in stroke incidence throughout the year and with atmospheric temperature may be useful to the organization of stroke care, especially in low-resource settings.

GOAL:

We aimed to describe the variation in the incidence of stroke hospitalizations across seasons and with short-term temperature variation, in Maputo, Mozambique.

METHODS:

Between August 1, 2005, and July 31, 2006, we identified 651 stroke events in Maputo dwellers, according to the World Health Organization's STEPwise approach. The day of symptom onset was defined as the index date. We computed crude and adjusted (humidity, precipitation and temperature) incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) with Poisson regression.

RESULTS:

Stroke incidence did not vary significantly with season (dry versus wet: crude IRR = .98, 95% CI: .84-1.15), atmospheric temperature at the index date, or average atmospheric temperature in the preceding 2 weeks. The incidence rates of stroke were approximately 30% higher when in the previous 10 days there was a decline in the minimum temperature greater than or equal to 3 °C between any 2 consecutive days (variation in minimum temperature -5.1 to -3.0 versus -2.3 to -.4, adjusted IRR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.09-1.57). No significant associations were observed according to the variation in maximum temperatures.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sudden declines in the minimum temperatures were associated with a higher incidence of stroke hospitalizations in Maputo. This provides important information for prediction of periods of higher hospital affluence because of stroke and to understand the mechanisms underlying the triggering of a stroke event.

Copyright © 2014 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Mozambique; Stroke; seasons; temperature

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PMID:
23523200
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