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J Vasc Surg. 2013 Apr;57(4 Suppl):37S-45S. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2012.10.121.

Venous disease in women: epidemiology, manifestations, and treatment.

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  • 1Lohr Surgical Specialists, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.


Until the past decade, venous disease was commonly underdiagnosed and undertreated due to lack of interest on the part of providers and to reluctance to undergo procedures on the part of patients. Modern venous interventions, improved diagnostic modalities, and increased awareness through education, training, and screening programs have all raised enthusiasm for venous disease in recent years. This has been crucial to gain control over a disease that affects a significant proportion of the population, with women being affected more than men. This article will discuss epidemiologic studies that highlight some of the gender-related issues and review the risk factors for venous disease. We will also discuss the physiologic venous changes that occur with pregnancy and highlight functional venous disease in women. Finally, we will review the indications for and treatment of superficial venous disease.

Published by Mosby, Inc.

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