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J Health Psychol. 2014 Jul;19(7):847-57. doi: 10.1177/1359105313481074. Epub 2013 Mar 21.

Specific traumatic events during childhood as risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder development in adults.

Author information

  • 1Federal University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 2Federal University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
  • 3Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil.


To evaluate differences in early life events (ELE) on adult victims of severe interpersonal violence among patients who developed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and control group. Adult victims of interpersonal violence were evaluated to diagnose the presence of PTSD and ELE. 308 subjects were included, 141 in patient's group (PTSD+) and 167 in control group (PSTD-). PTSD+ group had more severe PTSD, depressive symptoms and higher ETI scores than PTSD- group. Patients in PTSD+ group had a more frequent history of ELE. Some ELE were more significant for the development of this predisposition.

© The Author(s) 2013.


anxiety; depression; diagnosis; distress; risk factors

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