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Genome. 2013 Feb;56(2):91-9. doi: 10.1139/gen-2012-0135. Epub 2012 Dec 12.

Genome-wide identification and characterization of nucleotide binding site leucine-rich repeat genes in linseed reveal distinct patterns of gene structure.

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  • 1Biochemical Sciences Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411008, India.


Plants employ different disease-resistance genes to detect pathogens and to induce defense responses. The largest class of these genes encodes proteins with nucleotide binding site (NBS) and leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domains. To identify the putative NBS-LRR encoding genes from linseed, we analyzed the recently published linseed genome sequence and identified 147 NBS-LRR genes. The NBS domain was used for phylogeny construction and these genes were classified into two well-known families, non-TIR (CNL) and TIR related (TNL), and formed eight clades in the neighbor-joining bootstrap tree. Eight different gene structures were observed among these genes. An unusual domain arrangement was observed in the TNL family members, predominantly in the TNL-5 clade members belonging to class D. About 12% of the genes observed were linseed specific. The study indicated that the linseed genes probably have an ancient origin with few progenitor genes. Quantitative expression analysis of five genes showed inducible expression. The in silico expression evidence was obtained for a few of these genes, and the expression was not correlated with the presence of any particular regulatory element or with unusual domain arrangement in those genes. This study will help in understanding the evolution of these genes, the development of disease resistant varieties, and the mechanism of disease resistance in linseed.

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