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Int J Risk Saf Med. 1995;7(3):235-8. doi: 10.3233/JRS-1995-7310.

Vascular graft infections with Mycoplasma: an overlooked risk factor?

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  • 1Department of Vascular Surgery, Rigshospitalet, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.


Vascular graft infection is one of the most serious complications in vascular surgery. It is associated with mortality rates ranging from 25% to 75% and with morbidity in the form of amputation in approximately 30% of patients. Staphylococcus aureus is the leading pathogen. With conventional laboratory techniques, the percentage of culture-negative yet grossly infected vascular grafts seems to be increasing and is not adequately explained by the prior use of antibiotics. We have recently reported the first case of aortic graft infection with Mycoplasma. We therefore suggest the hypothesis that the large number of culture-negative yet grossly infected vascular grafts may be due to Mycoplasma infection not detected with conventional laboratory technique.

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