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Transplantation. 2013 Jun 15;95(11):1354-9. doi: 10.1097/TP.0b013e31828a9493.

Single pediatric kidney transplantation in adult recipients: comparable outcomes with standard-criteria deceased-donor kidney transplantation.

Author information

  • 1Hume-Lee Transplant Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA. asharma@mcvh-vcu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Single pediatric kidney transplantation (SKT) in adult recipients has traditionally been considered a high risk because of concerns of technical complications leading to poor graft outcomes. The primary goal of this single-center, retrospective analysis was to compare outcomes after SKT to standard-criteria deceased-donor kidney transplantation (SCDKT).

METHODS:

We compared outcomes in adult recipients after SKT (n=31; mean donor weight, 27 kg); SCDKT (n=283); pediatric en bloc (n=21), living-donor (n=275), and extended criteria-donor (n=100) kidney transplantations.

RESULTS:

The death-censored 5-year graft survival after SKT was significantly superior to SCDKT (81.4% vs. 74.5%, P=0.02). The serum creatinine level at 5 years after transplantation was significantly lower in SKT compared with that in SCDKT (1.2 vs. 1.6 mg/dL, P<0.0001). There was a significantly higher incidence of arterial anastomotic stenosis (6.8% vs. 0.4%, P=0.02) and hydronephrosis (12.9% vs. 5.3%, P=0.02) in the SKT cohort compared with SCDKT. Subgroup analysis of the SKT cohort by donor age less than 5 years vs. 6 to 10 years (mean weight, 16.4 vs. 32.7 kg) revealed no differences in patient or graft survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite a higher incidence of posttransplantation vascular and urological complications, long-term graft survival after SKT (in weight-matched pediatric donors and selected adult recipients) was comparable with that after SCDKT. SKT from very small donors (age, ≤5 years) yielded excellent long-term patient and graft survivals. The use of pediatric donor kidneys should be encouraged to address the problem of organ shortage.

PMID:
23507701
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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