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Chin Med J (Engl). 2013 Mar;126(6):1119-24.

Disorder of blood-aqueous barrier following Ahmed Glaucoma Valve implantation.

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  • 1Department of Glaucoma, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 520275, China.



Ahmed Glaucoma Valve implantation (AGVI) is used to treat refractory glaucoma. Breakdown of the blood-aqueous barrier (BAB) has been noted after some surgical techniques. The current study was designed to assess BAB disruption after AGVI.


Anterior chamber protein content was measured by the laser flare cell photometry in 22 eyes of 22 patients with refractory glaucoma before AGVI and at each postoperative visit up to 1 month.


Before AGVI the mean aqueous flare values in all eyes were (15.17 ± 9.84) photon counts/ms. After AGVI, the values significantly increased at day 1, day 3, and week 1 compared to those before AGVI (all P < 0.05) with a peak at day 3. They returned to pre-operative levels at week 2, and were lower than preoperative level at month 1. Eyes with previous intraocular surgery history had greater aqueous flare values than those without previous intraocular surgery history, but there were no significant differences at all time points postoperatively (all P > 0.05). Furthermore, eyes with shallow anterior chambers had greater aqueous flare values at day 3 and week 1 (all P < 0.05). When comparing eyes with other refractory glaucoma conditions, neovascular glaucoma combined with intravitreal bevacizumab injection resulted in lower aqueous flare values after AGVI, but no significant differences were observed at all time points, postoperatively (all P > 0.05).


The BAB was impaired and inflammation was present in the anterior chamber in refractory glaucomatous eyes following AGVI. However, such conditions were resolved within 1 month postoperatively. Intravitreal bevacizumab treatment in neovascular glaucoma eyes before AGVI may prevent BAB breakdown.

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