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Int J Biol Macromol. 2013 Jun;57:22-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2013.03.010. Epub 2013 Mar 13.

Panax ginseng polysaccharide suppresses metastasis via modulating Twist expression in gastric cancer.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, The Third Affiliated (Tumor) Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150040, China.


It was previously reported that an antitumor polysaccharide (PGPW1) was isolated from the root of Panax ginseng. To extend our study, we investigated here the anti-invasive and metastatic effects of PGPW1 on human gastric cancer cell line HGC-27 and tried to determine its possible mechanism of action. Both scratch wound-healing and Transwell assay identified that PGPW1 dose-dependently inhibited migration and invasiveness of HGC-27 cells. Furthermore, results of western blot showed that protein levels of Twist and AKR1C2 were inhibited by PGPW1, whereas an increase of NF1 was observed. Moreover, down-regulation of Twist expression by PGPW1 blocked epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), characterized by a gain of epithelial cell markers, E-cadherin, and loss of the mesenchymal markers, vimentin and N-cadherin, at protein levels. Collectively, we confirmed that PGPW1 decreased migration and invasion of HGC-27 cells by regulation of Twist, AKR1C2, NF1, E-cadherin, vimentin and N-cadherin expression. In conclusion, PGPW1 may serve as a powerful chemopreventive agent against gastric cancer metastasis.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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