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Trials. 2013 Mar 8;14:67. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-67.

Sustained lung inflation in the delivery room in preterm infants at high risk of respiratory distress syndrome (SLI STUDY): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgical and Medical Critical Care, Section of Neonatology, Careggi University Hospital, Viale Morgagni 85, Florence 50141, Italy. cdani@unifi.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Some studies have suggested that the early sustained lung inflation (SLI) procedure is effective in decreasing the need for mechanical ventilation (MV) and improving respiratory outcome in preterm infants. We planned the present randomized controlled trial to confirm or refute these findings.

METHODS/DESIGN:

In this study, 276 infants born at 25(+0) to 28(+6) weeks' gestation at high risk of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) will be randomized to receive the SLI maneuver (25 cmH2O for 15 seconds) followed by nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) or NCPAP alone in the delivery room. SLI and NCPAP will be delivered using a neonatal mask and a T-piece ventilator.The primary endpoint is the need for MV in the first 72 hours of life. The secondary endpoints include the need and duration of respiratory support (NCPAP, MV and surfactant), and the occurrence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:

NCT01440868.

PMID:
23497495
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3599289
Free PMC Article
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