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J Am Chem Soc. 2013 Apr 3;135(13):4946-9. doi: 10.1021/ja4009369. Epub 2013 Mar 21.

Separation of precise compositions of noble metal clusters protected with mixed ligands.

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  • 1Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tokyo University of Science , 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601, Japan.


This report describes the precise and systematic synthesis of PdAu24 clusters protected with two types of thiolate ligands (-SR1 and -SR2). It involved high-resolution separation of metal clusters containing a distribution of chemical compositions, PdAu24(SR1)18-n(SR2)n (n = 0, 1, 2, ..., 18), to individual clusters of specific n using high-performance liquid chromatography. Similar high-resolution separation was achieved for a few ligand combinations as well as clusters with other metal cores, such as Au25 and Au38. These results demonstrate the ability to precisely control the chemical composition of two types of ligands in thiolate-protected mono- and bimetallic metal clusters. It is expected that greater functional control of thiolate-protected metal clusters, their regular arrays, and systematic variation of their properties can now be achieved.

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