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J Nat Med. 2014 Jan;68(1):22-30. doi: 10.1007/s11418-013-0755-2. Epub 2013 Mar 14.

Ceramicine B, a limonoid with anti-lipid droplets accumulation activity from Chisocheton ceramicus.

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  • 1Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hoshi University, Ebara 2-4-41, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 142-8501, Japan.


The Meliaceae family of plants has been shown to contain a vast number of compounds with the potential to be developed for medicinal purposes. We have previously reported the isolation of limonoids from a plant in the Meliaceae family named Chisocheton ceramicus. Ceramicine B was identified as an active compound in inhibiting lipid droplets accumulation (LDA) in the mouse preadipocyte cell line MC3T3-G2/PA6. The presence of ceramicine B was found to inhibit the expression of glucose transporter type 4, lipoprotein lipase, and 11-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase mRNA, and also adipogenic master regulator, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ, and CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein-α (C/EBPα) mRNA. However, for early adipogenic regulators, such as C/EBPβ and C/EBPδ, and intermediary adipogenic regulators, Krüppel-like factors were unaffected. Western blot analysis showed that ceramicine B was found to inhibit the phosphorylation of Forkhead box O1 (Foxo1), a key process in the insulin signaling pathway. This suggested that the mechanism of anti-LDA activity of ceramicine B was partly via the inhibition of Foxo1 phosphorylation.

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