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J Phys Act Health. 2014 Mar;11(3):665-77. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2012-0152. Epub 2013 Mar 14.

The effectiveness of self-guided web-based physical activity interventions among patients with a chronic disease: a systematic review.

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  • 1Paramedic Dept, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research (NIVEL), Utrecht, Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite well-documented health benefits, adults with a physical chronic condition do not meet the recommended physical activity (PA) guidelines. Therefore, secondary prevention programs focusing on PA are needed. Web-based interventions have shown promise in the promotion of PA behavior change. We conducted a systematic review to summarize the evidence about the effectiveness of web-based PA interventions in adults with chronic disease.

METHODS:

Articles were included if they evaluated a web-based PA intervention and used a randomized design. Moreover, studies were eligible for inclusion if they used a non- or minimal-treatment control group and if PA outcomes measures were applied. Seven articles were included.

RESULTS:

Three high-quality studies were statistically significant to the control group, whereas 2 high- and 2 low-quality studies reported nonsignificant findings.

CONCLUSION:

Our best evidence synthesis revealed that there is conflicting evidence on the effectiveness of web-based PA interventions in patients with a chronic disease.

PMID:
23493018
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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