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Genet Test Mol Biomarkers. 2013 Jun;17(6):458-63. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2012.0488. Epub 2013 Mar 12.

Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 genetic variants and risk of Ewing's sarcoma.

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  • 1Spine Center, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

Despite the knowledge of many genetic alterations present in Ewing's sarcoma (ES), the complexity of this disease precludes placing its biology into a simple conceptual framework. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) can decrease T-cell activation and attenuate antitumor responses. Polymorphisms in the CTLA-4 gene have been shown to be associated with different diseases. Here, we investigated the association of four CTLA-4 gene polymorphisms, -1661A/G (rs4553808), -318C/T (rs5742909), +49G/A (rs231775), and CT60A/G (rs3087243), with ES in the Chinese population. A total of 308 ES cases and 362 healthy controls were recruited and CTLA-4 polymorphisms were tested by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Results showed that frequencies of the CTLA-4 gene +49AA genotype, +49A allele, and GTAG haplotype were significantly increased in ES patients compared to healthy controls (odds ratio [OR]=2.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.43-4.09, p<0.001; OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.11-1.73, p=0.005, and OR=1.46, 95% CI 1.06-2.02, p=0.020, respectively). We further compared CTLA-4 polymorphisms in ES patients based on different clinical parameters and data revealed that ES patients with metastasis had higher numbers of the +49AA genotype than those without metastasis (p=0.004). These results indicated that the CTLA-4 polymorphism could be a risk factor for ES and suggested a potential role of CTLA-4 in the metastasis of this malignancy.

PMID:
23480667
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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