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J Addict Dis. 2013;32(1):85-98. doi: 10.1080/10550887.2012.759856.

Work-family conflict and alcohol use: examination of a moderated mediation model.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois-Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607, USA.


Research consistently documents the negative effects of work-family conflict; however, little research focuses on alcohol use. This study embraces a tension reduction theory of drinking, wherein alcohol use is thought to reduce the negative effects of stress. The purpose of the study was to test a moderated mediation model of the relationship between work-family conflict and alcohol use in a Chicagoland community sample of 998 caregivers. Structural equation models showed that distress mediated the relationship between work-family conflict and alcohol use. Furthermore, tension reduction expectancies of alcohol exacerbated the relationship between distress and alcohol use. The results advance the study of work-family conflict and alcohol use, helping explain this complicated relationship using sophisticated statistical techniques. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.

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