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Curr Hypertens Rep. 2013 Jun;15(3):224-31. doi: 10.1007/s11906-013-0334-7.

Treatment of obesity-related hypertension in children and adolescents.

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  • 1Division of Nephrology, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA.


The obesity epidemic has become a common concern among pediatricians, with an estimated 32 % of US children and adolescents classified as overweight and 18 % as obese. Along with the increase in obesity, a growing body of evidence demonstrates that chronic diseases, such as Type 2 diabetes, primary hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, once thought to be confined solely to adulthood, are commonly seen among the obese in childhood. Following a brief summary of the diagnosis and evaluation of hypertension in obese children and adolescents, this review will highlight recent research on the treatment of obesity-related hypertension. Pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment will be discussed. Additionally, current and emerging therapies for the primary treatment of obesity in children and adolescents, which have been gaining in popularity, will be reviewed.

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