Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int Immunopharmacol. 2013 Mar;15(3):488-97. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2013.01.009. Epub 2013 Feb 8.

Clinical scale electroloading of mature dendritic cells with melanoma whole tumor cell lysate is superior to conventional lysate co-incubation in triggering robust in vitro expansion of functional antigen-specific CTL.

Author information

  • 1MaxCyte, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD 20878, USA.


Recent commercial approval of cancer vaccine, demonstrating statistically significant improvement in overall survival of prostate cancer patients has spurred renewed interest in active immunotherapies; specifically, strategies that lead to enhanced biological activity and robust efficacy for dendritic cell vaccines. A simple, widely used approach to generating multivalent cancer vaccines is to load tumor whole cell lysates into dendritic cells (DCs). Current DC vaccine manufacturing processes require co-incubation of tumor lysate antigens with immature DCs and their subsequent maturation. We compared electroloading of tumor cell lysates directly into mature DCs with the traditional method of lysate co-incubation with immature DCs. Electroloaded mature DCs were more potent in vitro, as judged by their ability to elicit significantly (p < 0.05) greater expansion of peptide antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells, than either lysate-electroloaded immature DCs or lysate-co-incubated immature DCs, both of which must be subsequently matured. Expanded CD8(+) T cells were functional as judged by their ability to produce IFN-γ upon antigen-specific re-stimulation. The electroloading technology used herein is an automated, scalable, functionally closed cGMP-compliant manufacturing technology supported by a Master File at CBER, FDA and represents an opportunity for translation of enhanced potency DC vaccines at clinical/commercial scale.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk