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Dig Liver Dis. 2013 Aug;45(8):663-8. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2013.01.029. Epub 2013 Mar 7.

Hyoscine N-butylbromide for adenoma detection during colonoscopy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

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  • 1Gastroenterology Unit, Ospedale Valduce, Como, Italy. ema.rondo@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hyoscine N-butylbromide (HBB), commonly used during colonoscopy to facilitate cecal intubation, has been proposed to increase the adenoma detection rate (ADR).

AIMS:

To evaluate whether HBB administration increases the adenoma detection rate and influences patients' tolerance.

METHODS:

Consecutive colonoscopy outpatients were randomized after cecal intubation to receive either 20mg HBB or placebo i.v. The number, size, histology and location of polyps were recorded. The air retained in the abdomen was either indirectly estimated by ΔAC (difference in the abdominal circumference measured before and after colonoscopy) or directly evaluated by patients' perception (visual analogic scale, range 0-100).

RESULTS:

402 patients (44% male; mean age 57.7±12.5years) received either HBB or placebo. No differences in ADR (31.7% vs. 28%, p=0.48), advanced-ADR (7.4% vs. 10.5%, p=0.35) were observed between HBB and placebo group, respectively. A significantly lower detection rate of flat/depressed lesions was observed in the HBB group (0.5% vs. 5.5%, p=0.003). The ΔAC and the bloating perception were comparable between the two groups (p=0.22 and p=0.48, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

HBB administered before colonoscope withdrawal does not increase adenoma detection rate and seems to hamper the visualization of flat/depressed lesions. This finding raises concerns on the indiscriminate use of HBB during colonoscopy.

Copyright © 2013 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Adenoma detection; Colonoscopy; Hyoscine N-butylbromide

PMID:
23474349
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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