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Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2013 Jun;92:64-70. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.02.008. Epub 2013 Mar 6.

Chromium (VI) induced acute toxicity and genotoxicity in freshwater stinging catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis.

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  • 1Department of Fisheries, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh. kawser@univdhaka.edu

Abstract

Acute toxicity and genotoxicity of Chromium(VI) as K2Cr2O7 were evaluated in freshwater stinging catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis. Fish showed behavioral alterations after K2Cr2O7 exposure and 96h-LC50 was 35.724mg/L in semi-static bioassay. Fish were exposed to three sub-lethal concentrations (concentration I=1/4th of 96h-LC50, concentration II=1/10th of 96h-LC50 and concentration III=environmental concentration of Cr reported in the river Buriganga). Blood, liver and gill samples were collected after 48h, 96h and 192h. Micronucleus (MN) assay was conducted in blood erythrocytes and DNA damage was evaluated by comet assay in whole blood, gill and liver tissues. Cr(VI) significantly (p<0.05) induced MN frequency and tail DNA (percent) which increased in a concentration depended manner in all types of tissues. Frequency of MN and tail DNA (percent) increased after 48 and 96h of exposure which decreased after 192h of exposure. The liver was the most sensitive to chromium (VI) exposure among the tissues with highest tail DNA (33.70±0.68 percent) at 9.0mg/L after 96h. This study found MN and comet assays in combination as an adequate approach for ecotoxicological monitoring and Cr(VI) as potential genotoxic agent.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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