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Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2013 Apr;61(2):145-53. doi: 10.1016/j.respe.2012.07.004. Epub 2013 Mar 6.

[Factors facilitating and impairing implementation of integrated care].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1EA 2506 laboratoire santé-environnement-vieillissement, université Versailles St-Quentin, hôpital Sainte-Perine, 49 rue Mirabeau, Paris, France.



Better integration of healthcare is the focus of many current reforms in Western countries. The goal is to reduce fragmentation of health and social care delivery for patients with chronic diseases. In France, Alzheimer autonomy integration experimentations (Maison Autonomie Intégration Alzheimer [MAIA]) were introduced as part of the 2008-2012 National Alzheimer Plan. To date, implementation of such organizations remains challenging. It is thus paramount to identify factors obstructing, and on the contrary facilitating, implementation of integrated care.


After an in-depth literature review of qualitative studies published from January 1995 to December 2010. We selected 10 qualitative studies on health care professionals' perceptions of barriers and facilitators to the implementation of integrated care.


Barriers and facilitating factors linked to the implementation of integrated care were identified at several levels: leadership; collaboration between services and clinicians; and funding and policy making. The operative strategy applied to change care delivery and the role of the leading pilot are key elements during the implementation phase.


Strong leadership and active involvement of a broad spectrum of professionals from clinical practitioners to healthcare managers is crucial for a successful implementation of integrated care services.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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