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Radiol Clin North Am. 2013 Mar;51(2):257-77. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2012.09.016. Epub 2012 Dec 21.

Throwing injuries of the upper extremity.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of Chicago Medical Center, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC2026, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. Neel.Patel2@uchospitals.edu


The overhead throwing motion is a complex sequence of maneuvers that requires coordinated muscle activity in the upper and lower extremities. The shoulder and elbow are subject to multidirectional forces and are particularly vulnerable to injury during specific phases of the overhead throwing motion. Ligamentous, tendinous, neural, and osseous pathology that may occur in the shoulder or elbow of an overhead-throwing athlete will be discussed, with an emphasis on the role of MR imaging and MR arthrography.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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