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BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Mar 6;2013. pii: bcr2013008915. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2013-008915.

Macular hole formation after toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.


A 56-year-old female patient presented with toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis (TR) in the right eye. Optical coherence tomography revealed a full-thickness macular hole (MH) in the affected eye. Fluorescence angiography and indocyanine green-angiography disclosed focal choroidal ischaemia in the area of inflammation. Heidelberg retinal flowmetry confirmed the significant hypoperfusion in this area. Proper medication was administered. Ophthalmological examination 4 weeks later revealed an improvement of the clinical findings without visual restoration. This case supports the clinical hypothesis that retinochoroidal ischaemia due to TR may induce the development of MH, indicating that patients with TR may have a certain risk for MH formation.

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