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Ann Dermatol. 2013 Feb;25(1):1-4. doi: 10.5021/ad.2013.25.1.1. Epub 2013 Feb 14.

Skin findings in newborns and their relationship with maternal factors: observational research.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Ankara Etlik Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cutaneous lesions are commonly seen in the newborn period and exhibit inconsistency from the skin lesions of an adult.

OBJECTIVE:

The present study was carried out with an aim to determine the frequency of physiologic and pathologic cutaneous findings in newborns.

METHODS:

Typically, 1234 newborns were included in this study. A questionnaire about maternal gestational history, maternal and family history was issued to the parents of each newborn. The presence of cutaneous lesions was recorded.

RESULTS:

Overall, 642 (52%) of the newborns were male and 592 (48%) were female. Typically, 831 newborns (67.3%) had at least one cutaneous lesion. The prevalence of genital hyperpigmentation and milia was significantly higher in males. In premature newborns, the pervasiveness of cutis marmorata and genital hyperpigmentation was found to be significantly higher. Caput succedaneum, transient neonatal pustular melanosis and cyanosis appeared predominantly in vaginally born infants. Erythema toxicum neonatorum was seen in infants, who were born by cesarean section. The predominance of Mongolian spots and erythema toxicum neonatorum were significantly higher in the newborns of the multiparous mothers; however, caput succedaneum was significantly higher in newborns of the primiparous mothers.

CONCLUSION:

A number of studies about neonatal dermatoses have been carried out involving different methods in various countries. We consider that our study may be useful in literature, as it has been carried out involving large number of maternal parameters.

KEYWORDS:

Maternal relation; Newborn; Skin

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