Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Addiction. 2013 Jun;108(6):1051-8. doi: 10.1111/add.12126. Epub 2013 Mar 6.

Population drinking and drink driving in Norway and Sweden: an analysis of historical data 1957-89.

Author information

  • 1Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. totto@sofi.su.se

Abstract

AIM:

Research suggests an association between population drinking and a large number of outcomes. However, driving while under the influence of alcohol (DWI) is conspicuously absent from this list of outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the relation between DWI and total consumption of alcohol on annual time-series data for Norway and Sweden. DESIGN, SETTING, AND MEASUREMENTS: For Norway, we used data on convictions for DWI per 100 000 inhabitants (aged 15-69 years). The DWI proxy for Sweden comprised the proportion (%) of all police-reported traffic accidents with personal injuries where the driver was under the influence of alcohol. Data on total alcohol sales in litres of pure alcohol per inhabitant (aged 15 years and older) were used as proxy for total alcohol consumption. We focused on the period 1957-89, during which the legislation concerning DWI remained unchanged in Norway as well as in Sweden. The statistical analyses were based on co-integrated models.

FINDINGS:

The estimates of the association between DWI and per capita alcohol consumption were strongly significant in Norway as well as in Sweden. For Norway, the estimated elasticity equalled 2 (P < 0.001) and for Sweden 1.5 (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

In Norway and Sweden, as total population level of alcohol consumption increases or decreases so does the incidence of driving while intoxicated.

© 2013 The Authors, Addiction © 2013 Society for the Study of Addiction.

PMID:
23461568
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk