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J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2012 Dec;50(12):17-20.

Gender differences in adolescent depression.

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  • 1University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Nursing, Birmingham, AL 35294-7270, USA.


Depression in adolescents is more common in girls; this gender disparity becomes more apparent during the teen years when girls have close to twice the rate of depression compared with boys. Vulnerability-stress models help explain these differences, and a tendency toward rumination may play a role both in the development and continuation of depressive symptoms. Psychiatric nursing interventions must focus on reappraisal of relationships, challenging rumination, and promoting autonomy.

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