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PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e56644. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056644. Epub 2013 Feb 15.

Gpr177 deficiency impairs mammary development and prohibits Wnt-induced tumorigenesis.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Genetics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, United States of America.

Abstract

Aberrant regulation of the Wnt pathway, essential for various developmental processes, is tightly linked to human breast cancers. By hijacking this evolutionary conserved signaling pathway, cancer cells acquire sustaining proliferation ability, leading to modification of physiologic properties necessary for tumor initiation and progression. An enormous wealth of knowledge on the importance of Wnt signaling in breast development and cancer has been obtained, but the cell types responsible for production of this proliferative signal operating within normal and malignant tissues remains poorly understood. Here we report that Wnt production mediated by Gpr177 is essential for mammary morphogenesis. The loss of Gpr177 interferes with mammary stem cells, leading to deficiencies in cell proliferation and differentiation. Genetic analysis further demonstrates an indispensable role of Gpr177 in Wnt-induced tumorigenesis. The Gpr177-deficiency mice are resistant to malignant transformation. This study not only demonstrates the necessity of Wnt in mammary organogenesis but also provides a proof-of-principle for targeting of Gpr177 as a potential new treatment for human diseases with aberrant Wnt stimulation.

PMID:
23457599
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3574013
Free PMC Article
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