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Explore (NY). 2013 Mar-Apr;9(2):91-9. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2012.12.005.

Effect of the emotional freedom technique on perceived stress, quality of life, and cortisol salivary levels in tension-type headache sufferers: a randomized controlled trial.

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  • 1Postgraduate Course Stress Management and Health Promotion, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the short-term effects of the emotional freedom technique (EFT) on tension-type headache (TTH) sufferers.

DESIGN:

We used a parallel-group design, with participants randomly assigned to the emotional freedom intervention (n = 19) or a control arm (standard care n = 16).

SETTING:

The study was conducted at the outpatient Headache Clinic at the Korgialenio Benakio Hospital of Athens.

PARTICIPANTS:

Thirty-five patients meeting criteria for frequent TTH according to International Headache Society guidelines were enrolled.

INTERVENTION:

Participants were instructed to use the EFT method twice a day for two months.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Study measures included the Perceived Stress Scale, the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, and the Short-Form questionnaire-36. Salivary cortisol levels and the frequency and intensity of headache episodes were also assessed.

RESULTS:

Within the treatment arm, perceived stress, scores for all Short-Form questionnaire-36 subscales, and the frequency and intensity of the headache episodes were all significantly reduced. No differences in cortisol levels were found in any group before and after the intervention.

CONCLUSIONS:

EFT was reported to benefit patients with TTH. This randomized controlled trial shows promising results for not only the frequency and severity of headaches but also other lifestyle parameters.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23452711
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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